What is Pearl?
Pearl is an ancient organic gem, mainly produced in Pearl shellfish and Pearl mother shellfish mollusks. In a broad sense, pearls can be considered as hard lumps with calcium carbonate as the main component secreted by animals to protect themselves. The ideal pearl is perfectly round and smooth, it also has many different shapes, such as circle, baroque pearls. Depending on the environment and the the different features of Pearls, they are divided into different types of pearls, like Japanese Akoya Pearls, Freshwater pearls, Tahitian Pearls, South Sea Pearls, Edison Pearls and more.
However, with the high-technology development and the environment improvement, the quality of Freshwater pearls are getting much better, especially the new type of Freshwater pearl called Freshwater AK pearl, though it grows in freshwater lakes, ponds, the quality of Freshwater AK is almost as the same as Akoya Pearl no matter compare their luster, shape, color and matching. And the price of Freshwater AK pearl is more affordable as it's easy to control the freshwater pearl grow environment than saltwater's.
Eusharon is a professional freshwater pearl wholesaler who know pearl information and industry in-depth. Here we have listed the differences between Freshwater AK Pearls and Akoya Pearls.
Growing Environment of Freshwater Pearls vs Freshwater AK Pearls vs Akoya Pearls
Most of freshwater pearls in the market are "tissue-nucleated" cultured pearls from China. By using the technology that implant stimulants in the freshwater mussels to stimulate pearl information, freshwater pearls now can be cultivated in the lakes, rivers and ponds very well. And the quality of the freshwater pearls are getting better and better, it depends on luster, shape, colors, etc. For the most popular freshwater pearls, you may always find high quality Edison Pearl and Freshwater AK pearl.
Freshwater AK Pearl
Unlike the normal freshwater cultured pearls, freshwater AK pearls are bead-nucleated cultured pearl, which is the same as AKOYA pearl. And the big difference between freshwater pearl and Akoya pearl is that the former one is cultivated in freshwater oyster and the other one is cultivated in saltwater oyster.
Akoya pearl is a bead-nucleated cultured pearl that cultivated from Akoya oysters that growing in the saltwater. Most of Akoya Pearl. Over 95% of Akoya pearls are from Japan. With typical Akoya oysters, it takes about 10-18 months for the cultured Akoya pearl size to be large enough for harvesting. During this time, living conditions are carefully monitored by pearl farmers, who adjust water, food, and nutrients accordingly.
Quality of Freshwater Pearls vs Freshwater AK Pearls vs Akoya Pearls
Normally, it takes around 3 years to cultivate freshwater pearls, some even takes around 5 years, of course, the quality of pearls will be better with longer time to cultivate. One freshwater pearl oyster will cultivate over 25 pearl. However, the normal freshwater pearl is tissue-nucleated cultured pearl, though freshwater pearls have big output, it's hard to find high-quality pearls, especially for the round pearl, it's vary rare, and the luster is just-so-so. This is the reason why people think freshwater pearl are not worth much money than saltwater pearl when them metioned pearls.
Freshwater AK Pearl
As for Freshwater Pearl, it takes around 3 years to cultivate freshwater pearl. One freshwater AK pearl mussel can cultivate around 6-8 pearls, it though experienced high-technology to select the bead-nucleated freshwater pearl, that’s how Freshwater AK Pearl cultivated. The high quality of which can be the same as the high quality Akoya pearl. It is a great contribution in pearl industry and good news for pearl jewelry lovers, with the same quality of freshwater pearls and Akoya pearls no matter the unique luster, color, shapes and sizes, you can one at a more affordable price. What a big surprise!
Akoya Cultured Pearl
Akoya Cultured Pearls are always considered as gorgeous and high quality cultured pearls. This bead-nucleated cultured pearl was first produced by Japanese. To guarantee the high quality of Akoya Pearl, one Akoya oyster only cultivate 1-2 Akoya pearl, it grows in the ocean up to about two years to allow sufficient time for the pearl to form with thick nacre and wonderful luster. The output and quality of Akoya pearls are strictly controlled by Japanese every year, which is why the price has remained high for so long time.
Let's Check The Different of Akoya Pearl vs Freshwater AK Pearl
Akoya pearl has excellent "Mirror-Like" luster, it also has a nick name - "small lamp". When you see the high quality Akoya pearl, you'll notice that its luster is very strong and it has a high rate of reflection. But for low quality Akoya pearl, the luster is not very beautiful.
The nucleus of Akoya pearl is very large and the nacre is very thin. So it should be wear carefully to reduce the abrasion.
Akoya Pearl is also famous for it's round shape. For pearls, round pearls are typically more valuable than pearls of other shapes since it's hard to cultivate the round shape pearls.
The color of Akoya pearls are white with rose overtones. When you see Akoya pearl in different angles, it comes in various shades of white to white-pink.
There is no perfect pearls in the world. Even though the best quality of Akoya pearl, there are still some blemishes and wrinkles on the surface. If the Akoya pearls can keep 95% clean on the surface, it's considered high quality Akoya Pearl.
Normally the size of Akoya pearl is around 2mm-8mm, it's vary rare to find the 9mm Akoya pearl. The bigger size Akoya Pearl, the more you need to pay. Actually, according to the analysis, it shows that most of women prefer small size of pearls, especially for young generations.
Freshwater AK Pearl only produced in around 2 years, but this type of pearl is getting incredible popular. The most important reason is it luster. Luster is a significant factor to recognize the valure and grade of pearl. Please look at below picture, compare high quality freshwater AK pearl with Akoya Pearl, the luster of both of them are incredible strong, it's hard to find the difference.
The nucleus of Freshwater AK pearl is small and the nacre is very thick. The advantage of a thick layer of nacre is that pearls are more durable and beautiful.
The shape of freshwater AK pearl is round, thanks to the freshwater grow environment, it's easy to control the water. For the near round or oval freshwater AK pearl, they are considered as low quality.
Almost as the same as Akoya Pearl, the color of freshwater AK pearl are white with silver overtones. When you see freshwater AK pearl in different angles, it comes in various shades of white to white-sliver.
The surface of Freshwater AK Pearl is better than Akoya pearl, there is no wrinkle on the surface and the whole freshwater AK pearl looks very delicate.
Freshwater AK pearls are characterized by small diameter, you can find mainly 5-9mm freshwater AK pearl. It's very similar like Akoya Pearl.